Bechamel can be used in many dishes:
- pasta dishes such as macaroni cheese
- tuna pasta bake (also called tuna mornay)
- over cooked vegetables in a gratin (cauliflower gratin is a classic retro side dish where cooked cauliflower is smothered in bechamel and baked)
- as the basis of a pie filling (eg chicken and other ingredients for flavour)
- pour over filled crepes then bake/grill
- add grated cheese to the hot bechamel to make a cheese sauce to pour over various meats or vegetables
|picture source: www.cuisine.journaldesfemmes.com|
The recipe for Bechamel is pretty straight forward as the ratios of ingredients are easy as you can see below:
for a small amount of bechamel:
for a larger amount of bechamel:
white pepper (not black pepper)
ground nutmeg (optional)
You can make any quantity of bechamel, just use the three ingredients in the same ratio as above. Some people prefer a runnier sauce, in which case add more milk, but I like the classic proportions here.
If you need some basic instructions, here goes ...
- Melt butter in a saucepan over medium heat. Add the flour and stir it into the butter with a wooden spoon and cook for about 2-3 minutes. I normally heat the milk in the microwave while the flour is cooking.
- Use warm milk, rather than cold milk, and make sure you mix it in with a whisk rather than a wooden spoon. Add some of the milk (about one quarter of it) and whisk it into the butter and flour. Gradually add more milk, whisking as you go, until all the milk is mixed in.
- Continue to cook over medium heat until it comes to a simmer, stirring regularly with the whisk. Allow to simmer for about 5 minutes then remove from heat and add salt, pepper and nutmeg (if using).
- You can add some grated cheese now if you want a cheese sauce.
To freeze: Spoon the bechamel into suitable-size plastic containers and allow to cool completely then place in the freezer.
To defrost: defrost slowly in the fridge or on the kitchen bench. Not suitable for the microwave
Reheat: Reheat slowly in a saucepan, whisking constantly. You may need to add a little more milk if it's too thick.